Women can't be treated as cattle: Supreme Court strikes down adultery law
28 September, 2018, 00:29 | Author: Essie Rivera
The ruling jettisoning the 158-year-old colonial-era law means adultery is no longer a crime in India, the BBC reports.
While reserving the verdict, a five-bench constitution bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice Rohinton Nariman, Justice AM Khanwilkar, Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Indu Malhotra had on August 8 questioned Central government's stand. The Section 497 exempted the wife from punishment and stated that the wife should not be even treated as an abettor. The court said adultery can be a ground for civil wrong, a ground for divorce but not a criminal offence.
In Indonesia's ultraconservative Islamic Aceh province, men and women found guilty of adultery can be whipped 100 times with a cane in public.
During the hearing, the SC had observed, "Prima facie, on a perusal of Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code, we find that it grants relief to the wife by treating her as a victim". Why should the woman take more load than the man?
Referring to the inconsistencies in the penal provision, the bench posed that the burden of maintaining the sanctity of marriage rested only with the woman and not the husband. But that case, which was to have been filed by the lover's wife, is no longer valid with the court decriminalising adultery. Further, it also created an arbitrary classification between married and unmarried women, thereby violating the fundamental right to equality under Article 14 of the Constitution of India.
In simple words, adultery is defined as a person having sex with a man's wife without taking prior consent from the husband.
Michael Kors to take control of Italy's Versace
Versace had revenue of €686m euros and returned to profit in 2017, according to figures provided by the company. Donatella herself owns 30 percent of the holding, with the remainder in the hands of her brother Santo.
This Is My Plan For Diogo Dalot - Jose Mourinho
The Chile global is yet to score in four games this season and has managed just three in 22 games since arriving from Arsenal . "I am optimistic, but it will be a hard season, yes", he said.
Representing the Centre, additional solicitor general Pinky Anand said marriages in India were not an exclusive affair; they involved families of both the parties and the society at large, hence the State becomes involved.
The verdict came on a plea filed by Joseph Shine, an Indian citizen working overseas, who challenged the constitutional validity of Section 497 that penalised only a husband for committing adultery. This judgment, passed by a bench of five judges, struck down the section 497 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 along with section 198 of Cr.P.C.as unconstitutional, thereby decriminalizing the offence of adultery.
"Married women are not a special case for the goal of prosecution for adultery". The Supreme Court held that Section 377 of IPC was a weapon to harass members of LGBTQ-plus community resulting in discrimination against them.
Earlier only a Christian man could file for divorce on the grounds of adultery.
The rights group Amnesty International India said the decision was "a progressive judgment" and the old law was a "remnant of a time when a woman was considered to be the property of her husband".
The son had done it in August a year ago too when he had over-ruled another of his father's judgment while delivering the verdict on the issue of privacy.
And having won 106 tournaments around the globe, Woods was quizzed if there was any further room for a 107th victory prize. Woods has the 54-hole lead for the first time since his last victory in 2013 at the Bridgestone Invitational.
Ford has demanded that the hearing be scheduled for Thursday, which the source said is still among the things under negotiation. Ford was reluctantly thrust into the public spotlight only two days ago", Ford's attorney said in a statement Wednesday.
All three told investigators that they had no recollection of the evening in question, the committee said. Mr Grassley turned down Ms Ford's request that only senators, not lawyers, be allowed to ask questions.
A report published Monday by the Chinese government accused the United States of abandoning fundamental norms of global relations. The toughly worded report said Beijing wants a "reasonable solution" but gave no indication of possible concessions.
Jeff Flake of Arizona, a Judiciary Committee member who has clashed bitterly with Trump and is retiring from the Senate . Sharon Crouch Clark didn't know Ford and feels fine about having signed the letter, notwithstanding the allegation.
The Ahvaziya is an Iranian ethnic Arab separatist organisation and considered a terror organisation by the Iranian government. It comes amid fears oil prices could hit an eye-watering $100 per barrel as United States sanctions against Iran begin.
Speaking at his post-match news conference, Mourinho said: "I expect my team to make a better game than we did". Manchester United midfielder Paul Pogba has backed Alexis Sanchez to rediscover his best form.
Yet, unless you're importing these goods or in one of these businesses, you probably haven't felt the effects of these tariffs. The US trading relationship with China has been the most fraught, and has escalated dramatically in the past week.
There have also been questions about Butler's relationship with younger teammates Andrew Wiggins and Karl-Anthony Towns. But it appears as though the 29-year-old couldn't agree to playing in Minnesota for one more season.
The entire exchange led to an awkward moment in Queens as fans boo'd non-stop after Osaka's historic win. Yes, what she did is clearly against the rules, which call for a code violation to be assessed.
Cosby accusers say they hope he is sentenced to jail time
According to NBC News , "Cosby's lawyers opposed the request for additional accusers to testify at the sentencing hearing". State sentencing guidelines, which are not mandatory, recommend a sentence between two and four years, Chanenson said.